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Gene. 2010 Jan 1;449(1-2):22-9. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2009.09.008. Epub 2009 Sep 30.

Identification of LATS transcriptional targets in HeLa cells using whole human genome oligonucleotide microarray.

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Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6.


Human LATS1 and LATS2) (LATS1/2) are tumor suppressors that have been shown to be mutated or downregulated in several human cancers including leukemia, lung, prostate and breast cancers. However, the precise mechanisms and the proteins modulated by LATS1/2 that are responsible for these events remain largely unknown. To elucidate potential signaling pathways, the current study investigated the expression profile in HeLa cells with reduced expression of LATS1/2. Using RNA-mediated interference, both LATS1 and LATS2 were substantially knocked-down, and accordingly, this lead to an increase in multiple phenotypes associated with tumor progression, including enhanced cell proliferation, resistance to drug-induced cell death, and increased cell migration. Using whole human genome Oligo (60-mer) arrays (Agilent), genes modulated by loss of LATS1/2 were identified and functionally grouped into categories including cell proliferation, cell death, cell adhesion and motility, as well as cell communication. Selected genes, including known tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes such as CDKN1A, WISP2, SLIT2, TP53INP1, BIRC4BP, SPRY2, SPRY4, SPRED1, FAT4, and CYR61 were confirmed by qRT-PCR to be significantly differentially expressed. Importantly, the collection of genes identified suggests that LATS1/2 function through diverse mechanisms and multiple signaling pathways including the Hippo signaling pathway, as well as the p53, Ras-ERK, or WNT networks, to inhibit tumor progression.

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