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J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Oct;24 Suppl 3:S20-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2009.06067.x.

Whither dyspepsia? A historical perspective of functional dyspepsia, and concepts of pathogenesis and therapy in 2009.

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Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida, USA.


Functional dyspepsia is a highly prevalent but heterogeneous disorder; multiple pathogenetic mechanisms are likely involved but the underlying causal pathways in functional dyspepsia remain obscure. The term functional dyspepsia was popularized by the famed Walter Alvarez at the Mayo Clinic early last century. Prominent Australian gastroenterologists who have contributed to our understanding of functional dyspepsia include Peter Baume, Barry Marshall, Douglas Piper, Nick Talley, John Kellow, and Gerald Holtmann. Specific dyspeptic symptoms have not generally correlated very well with any particular physiologic disturbance, although gastric disaccommodation and duodenal eosinophilia have been linked to early satiety in this condition. Genetic markers have been tentatively identified, and functional dyspepsia can follow bacterial gastroenteritis. No objective diagnostic tools for functional dyspepsia are currently agreed upon, although meal induction of symptoms appears reproducible and may have diagnostic utility. The symptomatic criteria for functional dyspepsia (Rome III criteria) are based on expert consensus and the exclusion of organic causes. Various therapeutic modalities for functional dyspepsia have been explored; however, empirical approaches are still employed for the treatment of functional dyspepsia. Better approaches for functional dyspepsia are likely to follow an improved understanding of the underlying pathophysiological abnormalities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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