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EMBO Rep. 2009 Nov;10(11):1250-8. doi: 10.1038/embor.2009.192. Epub 2009 Oct 2.

Efficient protection and isolation of ubiquitylated proteins using tandem ubiquitin-binding entities.

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Proteomics Unit, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, Bizkaia Technology Park, Building 801A, Derio 48160, Spain.


Post-translational modification with ubiquitin is one of the most important mechanisms in the regulation of protein stability and function. However, the high reversibility of this modification is the main obstacle for the isolation and characterization of ubiquitylated proteins. To overcome this problem, we have developed tandem-repeated ubiquitin-binding entities (TUBEs) based on ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domains. TUBEs recognize tetra-ubiquitin with a markedly higher affinity than single UBA domains, allowing poly-ubiquitylated proteins to be efficiently purified from cell extracts in native conditions. More significant is the fact that TUBEs protect poly-ubiquitin-conjugated proteins, such as p53 and IkappaBalpha, both from proteasomal degradation and de-ubiquitylating activity present in cell extracts, as well as from existing proteasome and cysteine protease inhibitors. Therefore, these new 'molecular traps' should become valuable tools for purifying endogenous poly-ubiquitylated proteins, thus contributing to a better characterization of many essential functions regulated by these post-translational modifications.

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