Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2009 Oct;5(10):554-9. doi: 10.1038/nrrheum.2009.178.

G-CSF and GM-CSF as therapeutic targets in rheumatoid arthritis.

Author information

Autoimmunity and Transplantation Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Vic, Australia.


Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are well-recognized regulators of hematopoiesis and have an established role as growth factors in clinical practice. G-CSF and GM-CSF regulate myeloid cell production, differentiation and activation, and might also be important for driving inflammatory responses. Inappropriate engagement of this pathway could be a critical amplification mechanism when maladaptive immune responses predispose to autoimmunity and sterile tissue inflammation. We postulate that antagonism of G-CSF or GM-CSF could represent a novel therapeutic approach for a variety of autoimmune-mediated inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center