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Am J Public Health. 2009 Oct;99 Suppl 2:S452-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.133124.

An evaluation of HIV testing among inmates in the North Carolina prison system.

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1
Schools of Public Health and Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7435, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the use of voluntary HIV testing among state prisoners in the North Carolina prison system.

METHODS:

We calculated system-wide and facility-specific proportions and rates of adult inmates tested for HIV and estimated associations between testing status and inmate characteristics for prisoners in North Carolina.

RESULTS:

Of the 54 016 inmates who entered prison between January 2004 and May 2006, 20 820 (38%) were tested for HIV; of those tested, 18 574 (89%) were tested at admission. Across the 8 intake prisons, more than 80% of inmates in both female facilities but less than 15% of inmates in 4 of 6 male facilities were tested. Prisoners with a documented history of heroin use, crack or cocaine use, conventional HIV risk behavior, or tuberculosis were at least 10% more likely to be tested than were inmates without these characteristics. However, more than 60% of men reporting conventional risk behaviors were not tested. Before covariate adjustment, Black men were 30% less likely than White men to be tested; in the multivariable regression model, this difference was attenuated to 13%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rates of HIV testing varied widely across intake prisons, and many male inmates with documented risk of infection were never tested.

PMID:
19797758
PMCID:
PMC2760001
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2007.133124
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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