Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 2009 Dec 14;425(1):169-78. doi: 10.1042/BJ20090908.

G-protein-coupled-receptor kinases mediate TNFα-induced NFκB signalling via direct interaction with and phosphorylation of IκBα.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Division of Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) is a multifunctional cytokine involved in the pathophysiology of many chronic inflammatory diseases. TNFα activation of the nuclear factor κB (NFκB) signaling pathway particularly in macrophages has been implicated in many diseases. We demonstrate here that G-protein coupled receptor kinase-2 and 5 (GRK2 and 5) regulate TNFα-induced NFκB signaling in Raw264.7 macrophages. RNAi knockdown of GRK2 or 5 in macrophages significantly inhibits TNFα-induced IκBα phosphorylation and degradation, NFκB activation, and expression of the NFκB-regulated gene, macrophage inflammatory protein-1β. Consistent with these results, over-expression of GRK2 or 5 enhances TNFα-induced NFκB activity. In addition,we show that GRK2 and 5 interact with IκBα via the N-terminal domain of IκBα and that IκBα isa substrate for GRK2 and 5 in vitro. Furthermore, we also find that GRK5 but not GRK2 phosphorylates IκBα at the same amino acid residues (Ser32/36) as that of IKKβ. Interestingly,associated with these results, knockdown of IKKβ in Raw264.7 macrophages did not affect TNFα-induced IκBα phosphorylation. Taken together, these results demonstrate that both GRK2 and 5 are important and novel mediators of a non-traditional IκBα-NFκB signaling pathway.

PMID:
19796012
PMCID:
PMC2856098
DOI:
10.1042/BJ20090908
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center