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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2005 May 7;7(9):2053-60.

Sr diffusion in undoped and La-doped SrTiO3 single crystals under oxidizing conditions.

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1
Institut für Metallurgie, Technische Universität Clausthal, Robert-Koch-Str. 42, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany. karsten.goemann@tu-clausthal.de

Abstract

Strontium titanate SrTiO3(100), (110), and (111) single crystals, undoped or donor doped with up to 1 at% La, were isothermally equilibrated at temperatures between 1523 and 1773 K in synthetic air followed by two different methods of Sr tracer deposition: ion implantation of 87Sr and chemical solution deposition of a thin 86SrTiO3 layer. Subsequently, the samples were diffusion annealed under the same conditions as before. The initial and final depth profiles were measured by SIMS. For strong La-doping both tracer deposition methods yield similar Sr diffusion coefficients, whereas for weak doping the tracer seems to be immobile in the case of ion implantation. The Sr diffusivity does not depend on the crystal orientation, but shows strong dependency on the dopant concentration supporting the defect chemical model that under oxidizing conditions the donor is compensated by Sr vacancies. A comparison with literature data on Sr vacancy, Ti, and La diffusion in this system confirms the concept that all cations move via Sr vacancies. Cation diffusion is several orders of magnitude slower than oxygen diffusion.

PMID:
19787911

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