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Lab Invest. 2009 Nov;89(11):1317-28. doi: 10.1038/labinvest.2009.94. Epub 2009 Sep 28.

Paracrine induction of endothelium by tumor exosomes.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA.

Abstract

Cancers use a nanoscale messenger system known as exosomes to communicate with surrounding tissues and immune cells. However, the functional relationship between tumor exosomes, endothelial signaling, angiogenesis, and metastasis is poorly understood. Herein, we describe a standardized approach for defining the angiogenic potential of isolated exosomes. We created a powerful technique to rapidly and efficiently isolate and track exosomes for study using dynamic light scattering in conjunction with fluorescent exosome labeling. With these methods, melanoma exosomes were observed to interact with and influence endothelial tubule morphology as well as move between endothelial tubule cells by means of tunneling nanotube structures. Melanoma exosomes also were observed to rapidly stimulate the production of endothelial spheroids and endothelial sprouts in a dose-dependent manner. In concert, tumor exosomes simultaneously elicited paracrine endothelial signaling by regulation of certain inflammatory cytokines. These data suggest that, tumor exosomes can promote endothelial angiogenic responses, which could contribute to tumor metastatic potential.

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PMID:
19786948
PMCID:
PMC3316485
DOI:
10.1038/labinvest.2009.94
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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