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Biochem J. 1990 Oct 15;271(2):449-55.

Primary structure and activity of mouse methylmalonyl-CoA mutase.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.


Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM) is an adenosylcobalamin-dependent enzyme that catalyses isomerization between methylmalonyl-CoA and succinyl-CoA (3-carboxypropionyl-CoA). Genetic deficiency of this enzyme in man causes an often fatal disorder of organic acid metabolism termed mut methylmalonicacidaemia. We report cloning of a mouse MCM cDNA and the characterization of its primary structure and biological function. Mouse MCM in fibroblasts and crude liver extracts exhibits activity and reaction kinetics similar to those of the human enzyme. The predicted amino acid sequence of mouse MCM exhibits 94% identity with its human homologue and considerable identity with a prokaryotic MCM. Transfection of the mouse cDNA into cultured cells constitutes an active apoenzyme and can complement genetic deficiency of the apoenzyme in cells from patients with mut methylmalonicacidaemia. These results establish that mouse MCM is homologous to human MCM in structure and function and provides a basis for using the mouse as a model for studying this enzyme and its deficiency state.

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