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J Immunol. 2009 Oct 15;183(8):5350-7. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0802645. Epub 2009 Sep 28.

Role of TL1A in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis.

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Research Center, Entre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


TNF-like ligand 1A (TL1A), a member of the TNF superfamily, is the ligand of DR3 and DcR3. Several types of cells, such as endothelial cells, monocytes/macrophages, dendritic cells, and CD4 and CD8 T cells, are capable of producing this cytokine. In present study, we demonstrated that TL1A aggravated collagen-induced arthritis in mice. It increased collagen-induced arthritis penetrance and clinical scores as well as the severity of the pathological findings. TL1A administration led to the occurrence of multiple enlarged germinal centers in the spleen, and it boosted serum anti-collagen Ab titers in vivo. In vitro, TL1A augmented TNF-alpha production by T cells upon TCR ligation, and it greatly enhanced Th17 differentiation and IL-17 production. We further showed that human rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fluids had elevated TL1A titers, and human chrondrocytes and synovial fibroblasts were capable of secreting TL1A upon TNF-alpha or IL-1beta stimulation. Taken together, these data suggest that TL1A secretion in lymphoid organs might contribute to RA initiation by promoting autoantibody production, and TL1A secretion stimulated by inflammatory cytokines in RA joints might be a part of a vicious circle that aggravates RA pathogenesis.

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