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Ann Genet. 1990;33(2):70-5.

CYP21B gene conversion and complete CYP21A gene deletion in congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

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Laboratoire de Biochimie Endocrinienne du Développement et de la Reproduction, CHRU Lapeyronie, Montpellier, France.


We studied a family in which one out of two children presented a non-salt wasting form of CAH. Genomic DNA of the patient, his brother, his parents and a normal control were digested by the Taq I and Bgl II restriction enzymes. The fragments were electrophoresed, transferred onto a nitrocellulose membrane and hybridized with two specific probes: pC21a for the CYP21 genes and pAT-A for the C4 genes. We performed simultaneous RFLP analyses of the CYP21 and C4 genes and determined the relative hybridization intensity of the genes using scanning densitometry of the X-ray films. The affected child had a CYP21B gene conversion in the CYP21A pseudogene on one chromosome inherited from his mother and a mutated CYP21B gene on the second chromosome inherited from his father. The second maternal chromosome, inherited by the unaffected brother, presented an unusual CYP21A gene deletion without a C4A or C4B gene deletion. Although CYP21A is a pseudogene, this type of complete CYP21A gene deletion associated with a CYP21B gene conversion has never been previously described.

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