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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Oct;141(4):509-15. doi: 10.1016/j.otohns.2009.06.082.

Topical clindamycin in post-adenotonsillectomy analgesia in children: a double-blind, randomized clinical trial.

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1
Department of Medical Surgery of Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre and Division of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology at Hospital da Criança Santo Antônio, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas-Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. mmiura.voy@terra.com.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Tonsillectomy, with or without adenoidectomy, is one of the most common surgical procedures in pediatric otolaryngology. Pain is the main cause of morbidity in the postoperative period, where it is serious in some cases, leading to odynophagia and resultant complications such as dehydration. We evaluated the effect of topical clindamycin in the reduction of oropharyngeal pain in children who underwent adenotonsillectomy. Secondary outcomes were otalgia, analgesic use, oral bacterial count, type of diet, secondary bleeding, vomiting, fever, and weight loss.

STUDY DESIGN:

Double-blind, randomized clinical trial.

SETTING:

Tertiary hospital.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Eighty-two children of both sexes between four and 12 years of age who underwent adenotonsillectomy were allocated to receive topical clindamycin or placebo in the immediate preoperative, intraoperative, and eight-to-12-hours postoperative periods. Pain was measured using a faces pain scale for five days.

RESULTS:

Reduction of oropharyngeal pain was significant with the use of clindamycin only on the first postoperative day (95% confidence interval, 2.22 to 4.41 [clindamycin] vs 4.53 to 6.3 [placebo]; P = .002). No difference was observed in the aerobic and anaerobic counts by tongue swab between premedication and third-postoperative-day samplings. There were no differences with respect to reduction in otalgia, paracetamol use, return to normal diet, variation in weight, secondary hemorrhage, vomiting, and fever.

CONCLUSION:

The use of topical clindamycin was beneficial in reducing pain on the first postoperative day, without effect on subsequent days. Future investigations could examine the use of topical clindamycin not only in the first 12 hours but also during five days of follow-up.

PMID:
19786221
DOI:
10.1016/j.otohns.2009.06.082
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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