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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009 Oct;141(4):448-53. doi: 10.1016/j.otohns.2009.06.090.

Biofilms correlate with TH1 inflammation in the sinonasal tissue of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.

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1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Determine the prevalence of bacterial biofilms in surgical chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients and characterize the inflammatory response associated with biofilm CRS.

STUDY DESIGN:

Cross-sectional.

SETTING:

Tertiary care academic center.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

Sinonasal mucosa and peripheral blood were collected from 60 CRS patients. Mucosal biofilms were demonstrated by scanning electron microscopy. Leukocyte subpopulations were determined by flow cytometry. Cytokines were identified with a luminex-based assay on the lysate of homogenized tissue or plasma.

RESULTS:

Of the 60 samples, 17 were determined to be positive for the presence of biofilms. Oral steroid-naive CRS patients with biofilm demonstrated a local T(H)1 inflammatory response with significantly elevated levels of interferon-gamma (INF-gamma), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 beta, and neutrophils in the sinonasal mucosa. No differences were present at the systemic level.

CONCLUSION:

Sinonasal bacterial biofilms correlate to a T(H)1 skewed local but not systemic inflammatory response in CRS. This difference is abrogated by the use of oral steroids.

PMID:
19786211
DOI:
10.1016/j.otohns.2009.06.090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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