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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Jan;31(1):150-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2009.04150.x.

A comparison of the acid-inhibitory effects of esomeprazole and pantoprazole in relation to pharmacokinetics and CYP2C19 polymorphism.

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1
Central Hospital Pharmacy and Haga Teaching Hospital, Den Haag, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Esomeprazole and pantoprazole are metabolized in the liver and the polymorphic CYP2C19 enzyme is involved in that process. This genetic polymorphism determines fast (70% of Caucasians), intermediate (25-30% of Caucasians) and slow (2-5% of Caucasians) metabolism of PPIs.

AIM:

To compare the acid-inhibitory effects of esomeprazole 40 mg and pantoprazole 40 mg at 4, 24 and 120 h after oral administration in relation to CYP2C19 genotype and pharmacokinetics.

METHODS:

CYP2C19*2, *3, *4, *5 and *17 genotypes were determined in healthy Helicobacter pylori-negative Caucasian subjects. 7 wt/wt, 7 wt/*2, 2 wt/*17, 2 *2/*17 and 1 *2/*2 were included in a randomized investigator-blinded cross-over study with esomeprazole 40 mg and pantoprazole 40 mg. Intragastric 24-h pH-monitoring was performed on days 0, 1 and 5 of oral dosing.

RESULTS:

A total of 19 subjects (mean age 24 years, 7 male) completed the study. At day 1 and 5, acid-inhibition with esomeprazole was significantly greater and faster than with pantoprazole. Differences in acid-inhibition and pharmacokinetics between wt/wt and wt/*2 genotype were significant for pantoprazole at day 1 and 5.

CONCLUSIONS:

Esomeprazole provides acid-inhibition faster than and superior to pantoprazole after single and repeated administration. The acid-inhibitory effect and the kinetics of pantoprazole are influenced by CYP2C19 genotype.

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