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Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2010 Jan;7(1):91-5. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2009.0382.

Characterization of the first extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing nontyphoidal Salmonella strains isolated in Tehran, Iran.

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Molecular Biology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


The infections caused by Salmonella remain a significant public health problem throughout the world. beta-Lactams and fluoroquinolones are generally used to treat invasive Salmonella infections, but emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant strains are being increasingly notified in many countries. In particular, detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in Salmonella spp. is a newly emerging threat worldwide. This study was carried out to characterize beta-lactamase-producing Salmonella strains identified in Tehran, Iran. Over the 2-year period from 2007 to 2008, 6 of 136 Salmonella isolates recovered from pediatrics patients, including three Salmonella enterica serotypes Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) and three S. Infantis, showed an ESBL-positive phenotype. Polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were used to identify the genetic determinants responsible for ESBL phenotypes. The Salmonella isolates were also compared by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. All ESBL-producing strains, but one, carried the bla(CTX-M-15) gene. Moreover, three of four strains that proved to be positive for a bla(TEM) gene were producing a TEM-1 beta-lactamase. Two strains of S. Infantis tested positive for a previously unidentified CTX-M and TEM ESBL, respectively. All ESBL-producing strains carried the insertion sequence ISEcp1 gene. Except for one strain of serotype Infantis, all strains were able to transfer the ESBL determinants by conjugation. Distinct, but closely related, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns were observed among the strains belonging to both serotypes. This study reports for the first time the emergence and characterization of ESBL-producing S. Enteritidis and Infantis strains in Iran.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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