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Kardiol Pol. 2009 Aug;67(8):865-73.

Does patient-prosthesis mismatch influence the results of combined aortic valve replacement and coronary bypass grafting?

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Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Medical University, Poznan, Poland.



Combined aortic valve replacement and coronary revascularisation is becoming more frequent. Patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) as an additional risk factor may potentially affect the early and late outcome.


To evaluate the impact of PPM on early and mid-term clinical results including quality of life in patients undergoing combined surgical treatment of coronary artery disease and aortic valve defects.


Medical records of 309 consecutive patients referred for combined surgery were reviewed. Patients were divided into three groups according to the presence of moderate or severe PPM (defined by aortic valve effective orifice area index in the range 0.85-0.65 cm2/m2 and smaller than 0.65 cm2/m2, respectively) or absence of PPM. The demographic and perioperative data, and early and late survival, as well as quality of life (SF-36) were analysed.


The presence of severe PPM was found in 51 (16.5%) patients, whereas moderate PPM--in 153 (49.5%) patients. Patients from both PPM groups were significantly older than those without PPM. Subjects with severe PPM had higher weight and body mass index. They frequently had dyslipidaemia and both PPM groups received a biological valve more often than patients without PPM (94.1 and 77.1 vs. 19.1%, p<0.0001). There was no significant difference between all groups regarding early or late mortality. Advanced age, renal insufficiency and arrhythmia were predictors of early death. Late survival was determined only by number of postoperative complications in a Cox regression model. There was no difference in any components of the SF-36 survey between all groups.


PPM is a frequent phenomenon in older patients requiring aortic valve replacement and revascularisation. Severe PPM occurs rarely, predominantly in obese patients. However, its presence does not affect early and late survival or quality of life.

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