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Kardiol Pol. 2009 Aug;67(8):827-34.

Influence of C3435T multidrug resistance gene-1 (MDR-1) polymorphism on platelet reactivity and prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes.

Author information

1
1st Department of Coronary Artery Disease, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland. mspiewak@ikard.pl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Genetic C3435T polymorphism of the multidrug resistance gene-1 (MDR-1) limits oral bioavailability of clopidogrel and influences prognosis in patients with myocardial infarction.

AIM:

To assess the effects of C3435T polymorphism on platelet reactivity and prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes treated with percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting.

METHODS:

Ninety-eight patients were divided into subgroups according to closure time (CT) measured with the Platelet Function Analyzer-100 by means of collagen/adenosine diphosphate (CADP) and collagen/epinephrine (CEPI) cartridges. Patients with CADP-CT<130 s and patients with CEPI-CT<or=193 s were defined as non-full responders to antiplatelet therapy. Patients with coexisting polymorphism of P2Y12 and CYP2C19 genes were excluded from the analysis. The primary outcome was the composite of death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke.

RESULTS:

Patients carrying the homozygous TT genotype were more likely to have an impaired response to antiplatelet therapy in the test with ADP in comparison to carriers of homozygous CC genotype (OR 5.23; 95% CI 1.34-20.45; p=0.017). For CT heterozygotes in comparison to CC genotype a weak trend toward non-full response to antiplatelet therapy in the CADP test was observed (OR 2.71; 95% CI 0.80-9.14; p=0.11). No relationship between MDR-1 C3435T polymorphism and response in CEPI test was observed either for TT homozygotes or for heterozygotes (p=0.57 and p=0.55, respectively). During a mean 1.7 years of follow-up no significant difference in the risk of the primary end point was observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

The C3435T polymorphism of the MDR-1 gene influences ADP dependent platelet reactivity in patients with acute coronary syndrome but does not affect mid-term prognosis in this population.

PMID:
19784880
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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