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Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2009 Jul-Aug;75(4):530-6.

Risk factors for presbycusis in a socio-economic middle-class sample.

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1
Medical School, FCM of the Sta Casa de S Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

Presbycusis, or the aging ear, involves mainly the inner ear and the cochlear nerve, causing sensorineural hearing loss. Risk factors include systemic diseases and poor habits that cause inner ear damage and lead to presbycusis. Correct identification of these risk factors is relevant for prevention.

AIM:

To evaluate the prevalence and to identify the risk factors of presbycusis in a sample aged over 40 years.

STUDY DESIGN:

A retrospective case series.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

medical records of 625 patients were evaluated. Presbycusis was identified using pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry and impedance testing of all patients.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of presbycusis was 36.1%; the mean age was 50.5 years ranging from 40 to 86 years; 85.5% were male and 14.5% werf female. Age, the male gender, diabetes mellitus, and hereditary hearing loss were identified as risk factors. Cardiovascular diseases, smoking and consumption of alcohol were not confirmed as risk factors, although these have often been mentioned as risk factors for presbycusis.

CONCLUSION:

Notwithstanding the idea that presbycusis has multiple risk factors, this study identified few risk factors for this disease.

PMID:
19784422
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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