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Am Heart J. 2009 Oct;158(4):e43-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2009.03.016.

Benefits of drug-eluting stents as compared to bare metal stent in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: four year results of the PaclitAxel or Sirolimus-Eluting stent vs bare metal stent in primary angiOplasty (PASEO) randomized trial.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, S.G. Moscati, Avellino, Italy. emidilorenzo@tin.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Drug-eluting stent (DES) may offer benefits in terms of repeat revascularization, which may be counterbalanced by a potential higher risk of stent thrombosis, especially among patients with STEMI. No data have been reported so far on the long-term benefits and safety of DES in STEMI. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the short- and long-term benefits of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) as compared to bare-metal stent (BMS) in patients undergoing primary angioplasty.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients with STEMI admitted within 12 hours of symptom onset and undergoing primary angioplasty and stent implantation at a tertiary center with 24-hour primary percutaneous coronary intervention capability were randomly assigned to BMS, PES, and SES. All patients received upstream glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors. Primary end point was target-lesion revascularization at 1-year follow-up. Secondary end points were (1) cumulative combined incidence of death and/or reinfarction; (2) cumulative incidence of in-stent thrombosis; and (3) major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (combined death and/or reinfarction and/or target lesion revascularization [TLR]) at long-term follow-up (up to 4 years). No patient was lost to follow-up.

RESULTS:

From October 1, 2003, to December 2005, 270 patients with STEMI were randomized to BMS (n = 90), PES (n = 90), or SES (n = 90). Procedural success was obtained in 93% to 95% of patients. Follow-up data were available for all patients. As compared to BMS (14.4%), both PES (4.4%, hazard ratio [HR] 0.29, 95% CI 0.095-0.89, P = .023) and SES (3.3%, HR 0.21, 95% CI 0.06-0.75, P = .016) were associated with a significant reduction in TLR at 1-year follow-up (primary study end point). At long-term follow-up (1,233 +/- 215 days), no difference was observed in terms of death, reinfarction, and combined death and/or reinfarction, but as compared to BMS (21.1%), both PES (6.7%, HR 0.29, 95% CI 0.12-0.73, P = .008) and SES (5.6%, HR 0.24, 95% CI 0.09-0.63, P = .002), respectively, were associated with a significant reduction in TLR.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows that among patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty, both SES and PES are safe and associated with significant benefits in terms of TLR up to 4 years' follow-up, as compared to BMS. Thus, until the results of further large randomized trials with long-term follow-up become available, DES may be considered among patients with STEMI undergoing primary angioplasty.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00759850.

PMID:
19781402
DOI:
10.1016/j.ahj.2009.03.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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