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PLoS Pathog. 2009 Sep;5(9):e1000593. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000593. Epub 2009 Sep 25.

Enterovirus 71 3C protease cleaves a novel target CstF-64 and inhibits cellular polyadenylation.

Author information

1
Research Center for Emerging Viral Infections, Chang Gung University, Kwei-Shan Tao-Yuan, Taiwan, ROC.

Abstract

Identification of novel cellular proteins as substrates to viral proteases would provide a new insight into the mechanism of cell-virus interplay. Eight nuclear proteins as potential targets for enterovirus 71 (EV71) 3C protease (3C(pro)) cleavages were identified by 2D electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF analysis. Of these proteins, CstF-64, which is a critical factor for 3' pre-mRNA processing in a cell nucleus, was selected for further study. A time-course study to monitor the expression levels of CstF-64 in EV71-infected cells also revealed that the reduction of CstF-64 during virus infection was correlated with the production of viral 3C(pro). CstF-64 was cleaved in vitro by 3C(pro) but neither by mutant 3C(pro) (in which the catalytic site was inactivated) nor by another EV71 protease 2A(pro). Serial mutagenesis was performed in CstF-64, revealing that the 3C(pro) cleavage sites are located at position 251 in the N-terminal P/G-rich domain and at multiple positions close to the C-terminus of CstF-64 (around position 500). An accumulation of unprocessed pre-mRNA and the depression of mature mRNA were observed in EV71-infected cells. An in vitro assay revealed the inhibition of the 3'-end pre-mRNA processing and polyadenylation in 3C(pro)-treated nuclear extract, and this impairment was rescued by adding purified recombinant CstF-64 protein. In summing up the above results, we suggest that 3C(pro) cleavage inactivates CstF-64 and impairs the host cell polyadenylation in vitro, as well as in virus-infected cells. This finding is, to our knowledge, the first to demonstrate that a picornavirus protein affects the polyadenylation of host mRNA.

PMID:
19779565
PMCID:
PMC2742901
DOI:
10.1371/journal.ppat.1000593
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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