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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Sep 29;54(14):1249-55. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.07.022.

Cardiovascular effect of bans on smoking in public places: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA. dmeyers@kumc.edu

Erratum in

  • J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Nov 10;54(20):1902.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

A systematic review and a meta-analysis were performed to determine the association between public smoking bans and risk for hospital admission for acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

BACKGROUND:

Secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with a 30% increase in risk of AMI, which might be reduced by prohibiting smoking in work and public places.

METHODS:

PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases plus bibliographies of relevant studies and reviews were searched for peer-reviewed original articles published from January 1, 2004, through April 30, 2009, using the search terms "smoking ban" and "heart" or "myocardial infarct." Investigators supplied additional data. All published peer-reviewed original studies identified were included. Incidence rates of AMI per 100,000 person-years before and after implementation of the smoking bans and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Random effects meta-analyses estimated the overall effect of the smoking bans. Funnel plot and meta-regression assessed heterogeneity among studies.

RESULTS:

Using 11 reports from 10 study locations, AMI risk decreased by 17% overall (IRR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.75 to 0.92), with the greatest effect among younger individuals and nonsmokers. The IRR incrementally decreased 26% for each year of observation after ban implementation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Smoking bans in public places and workplaces are significantly associated with a reduction in AMI incidence, particularly if enforced over several years.

PMID:
19778665
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2009.07.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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