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J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov 5;265(31):19362-8.

Lys-65 and Glu-168 are the residues for carbodiimide-catalyzed cross-linking between the two heads of rigor smooth muscle heavy meromyosin.

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  • 1Department of Structural Analysis, National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Osaka, Japan.


We have previously demonstrated that the two heads of chicken gizzard heavy meromyosin (HMM) in a rigor complex with rabbit skeletal F-actin could be cross-linked by the water-soluble carbodiimide 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide. Here, we report the location of the cross-linked sites in the amino acid sequence of the HMM heavy chain. One of the cross-linked residues was identified as Glu-168 by sequencing the CN1.CN6 cross-linked peptide containing residues 1-77 (CN1) and 164-203 (CN6). This site is located close to the ATP-binding site of HMM. Since the other site was further into the amino acid sequence of CN1, another cross-linked peptide corresponding to residues 53-66 and 145-182 was isolated from the 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide-treated acto-tryptic gizzard HMM digested further by other proteolytic enzymes. The amino acid sequence of this peptide and its cyanogen bromide fragment indicated that the cross-linking occurred between Glu-168 and Lys-65. Our results suggests that these two amino acid side chains are in contact with each other in the acto-gizzard HMM rigor complex and participate in the electrostatic interaction between the two HMM heads bound to F-actin. Based on the head-to-head contact, we propose a three-dimensional model for the attachment of gizzard HMM heads to F-actin.

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