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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2009 Nov-Dec;81(5-6):411-6. doi: 10.1016/j.plefa.2009.08.002. Epub 2009 Sep 22.

Myocardial infarction does not affect fatty-acid profiles in rats.

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1
Cardiovascular Health Research Center, Sanford Research/USD, 1100 E 21st St., Sioux Falls, SD 57105, USA. greg.shearer@usd.edu

Abstract

Plasma and red blood cell fatty-acid (RBC FA) composition have both been proposed as biomarkers for cardiovascular (CV) risk. Since case/control studies using samples obtained after a CV constitute a source of supporting evidence, demonstrating that FA profiles are not affected by a myocardial infarction (MI) would improve our understanding of the usefulness of such studies. The primary goal of the present study was to determine the impact of an MI on RBC and whole plasma eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels and to do so with sufficient power to conclude that there was no effect. FA profiles were obtained from rats 24h after an MI or a sham-MI and compared to control animals by tests for differences and equivalence. In RBCs, neither DHA nor EPA was changed and were statistically equivalent in control and MI rats, as were a majority of other FAs and FA composite indices; only shingolipid-associated fatty acids had abundances that were changed in either MI or sham-MI animals. In whole plasma 8 of 22 FAs were changed in MI or sham-MI rats, including EPA which was reduced from 2.53 (2.3, 2.8)% to 1.71 (1.4, 2)%; mean (95% CI). In conclusion, the levels of EPA, DHA, and most other FAs in RBCs are unaffected by an MI or by sham surgery, whereas the same cannot be said of plasma. This finding suggests that differences between cases and controls have prognostic implications.

PMID:
19775878
PMCID:
PMC2787907
DOI:
10.1016/j.plefa.2009.08.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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