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Acta Orthop Belg. 2009 Aug;75(4):512-20.

Titanium elastic nail fixation for paediatric femoral and tibial fractures.

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Orthopaedic Department, Mansoura University Hospital, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt.


The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the results of treatment of paediatric femoral and/or tibial diaphyseal fractures with titanium elastic nails (TENs). Sixty six patients with 48 femoral and 25 tibial fractures were followed-up for 15 to 24 months. The outcome rating system proposed by Flynn et al was used to evaluate the final results. Most patients (56.1%) were operated between 2 to 4 days after injury; a traction table was used in 54.8% of cases. The average operative time was 28 minutes, and the average hospital stay was 5.7 days. Postoperative immobilisation was used in 30% of cases, mostly with femoral fractures. The fractures united in an average time period of 85 days; 89% had united within 3 months. The nails were removed in 87.8% of cases after an average of 5.9 months. The following complications were noted: soft tissue and skin problem (9.1%) in relation to nail ends at the entry points, limb-length discrepancy (9.1%), malunion (4.5%). Based on Flynn et al's outcome rating system, 75.8% of the results were excellent, 24.2% were satisfactory and there were no poor results. With good knowledge of the technique of TEN fixation for paediatric femoral and tibial fractures, excellent and satisfactory results were achieved in all cases, with few minor complications. TENs can give stable fixation allowing early mobilisation and shorter hospitalisation with less disruption of patient and family life.

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