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J Neurosci Res. 2010 Feb 15;88(3):542-51. doi: 10.1002/jnr.22223.

Matrigel supports survival and neuronal differentiation of grafted embryonic stem cell-derived neural precursor cells.

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Department of Biological Repair, Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


Cell replacement therapy holds great promise as a means of treating neurological disorders, including Parkinson's disease. However, one of the major obstacles to the success of this treatment is the low survival rate of grafted cells, which probably results from mechanical damage, acute inflammation, and immunological rejection. To overcome this problem, we investigated the effect of different types of extracellular matrix (ECM) on the survival and differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cell-derived neural precursor cells (NPCs). We tested materials from natural sources, including collagen, ornithine/laminin, and growth factor-reduced Matrigel (gfrMG), as well as the synthetic biomaterial PuraMatrix, which consists of self-assembling polypeptides. GfrMG efficiently supported cell survival, migration, and neurite outgrowth in vitro and promoted proliferation of grafted cells in vivo, resulting in larger graft volume and an increase in the number of TH-positive dopaminergic neurons in the graft. GfrMG did not induce dopaminergic differentiation directly; rather, it reduced the invasion of pan-leukocytic CD45-positive cells into the graft. Insofar as the inflammatory or immune response in the host brain inhibits neuronal differentiation of grafted NPCs, gfrMG may increase the number of TH-positive cells by suppressing this effect. Thus, gfrMG appears to provide a suitable scaffold that supports survival and differentiation of NPCs. However, because it is derived from mouse sarcomas, a human-derived matrix or synthetic biomaterial must be developed for clinical applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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