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J Hazard Mater. 2010 Jan 15;173(1-3):401-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.08.096. Epub 2009 Aug 26.

Risk assessment of the fatality due to explosion in land mass transport infrastructure by fast transient dynamic analysis.

Author information

1
European Commission-Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Chemical Assessment and Testing Unit (CAT) TP 281, Via E. Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy. georgios.giannopoulos@jrc.it

Abstract

Terrorist attacks in New York have shocked the world community showing clearly the vulnerability of air transport in such events. However, the terrorist attacks in Madrid and London showed that land mass transport infrastructure is equally vulnerable in case of similar attacks. The fact that there has not been substantial investment in the domain of risk analysis and evaluation of the possible effects due to such events in land mass transportation infrastructure leaves large room for new developments that could eventually fill this gap. In the present work using the finite element code EUROPLEXUS there has been a large effort to perform a complete study of the land mass infrastructure in case of explosion events. This study includes a train station, a metro station and a metro carriage providing thus valuable simulation data for a variety of different situations. For the analysis of these structures it has been necessary to apply a laser scanning method for the acquisition of geometrical data, to improve the simulation capabilities of EUROPLEXUS by adding failure capabilities for specific finite elements, to implement new material models (e.g. glass), and to add new modules that achieve data post-processing for the calculation of fatal and non-fatal injuries risk. The aforementioned improvements are explained in the present work with emphasis in the newly developed risk analysis features of EUROPLEXUS.

PMID:
19773121
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.08.096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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