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Gynecol Oncol. 2009 Dec;115(3):382-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2009.08.024. Epub 2009 Sep 20.

Weekly combination of topotecan and gemcitabine in early recurrent ovarian cancer patients: a French multicenter phase II study.

Author information

1
Centre François-Baclesse, avenue du Général Harris, 14076 Caen Cedex 5, France. f.joly@baclesse.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this phase II study was to assess the benefits of a weekly administration of topotecan and gemcitabine in patients with ovarian carcinoma having relapsed after platinum/taxane-based first-line chemotherapy.

METHODS:

Seventy-seven patients with progression of disease </=12 months after first-line chemotherapy were enrolled to receive topotecan (2.5 mg/m(2)) and gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2)) on days 1, 8 and 15 (q 28 d). Primary endpoint was the response rate. Stabilization rate and symptom improvement were also assessed.

RESULTS:

All patients received the combination and 66 were evaluable (>/=2 cycles administered). The only major severe toxicity was neutropenia grades 3 (17%) and 4 (6%). Approximately 60% of the patients received the complete schedule of treatment, dose interruptions/delays being mainly due to moderate thrombocytopenia or neutropenia. The objective response rate was 14%, the values for patients having relapsed within 6 (n=30) and 6-12 (n=36) months being 7% and 20%, respectively. Median durations of response were 4.9 and 6.4 months and clinical benefit rates including stabilizations reached 63% and 69% in patients having relapsed within 6 or 6-12 months, respectively. Corresponding median overall survival was 7.5 and 15.6 months. Symptoms and pain were reduced in 64% and 39% of the patients concerned, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

In early relapse ovarian cancer, weekly combination of gemcitabine and topotecan has a modest objective response rate. However, a high proportion of patients experienced stable disease and symptom control leading to acceptable quality of life.

PMID:
19773043
DOI:
10.1016/j.ygyno.2009.08.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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