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Opt Express. 2009 Sep 14;17(19):16885-97. doi: 10.1364/OE.17.016885.

Multipixel silicon avalanche photodiode with ultralow dark count rate at liquid nitrogen temperature.

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  • 1National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1, Nukuikitamachi, Koganei-city, Tokyo 184-8795, Japan.


Multipixel silicon avalanche photodiodes (Si APDs) are novel photodetectors used as silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs), or multipixel photon counter (MPPC), because they have fast response, photon-number resolution, and a high count rate; one drawback, however, is the high dark count rate. We developed a system for cooling an MPPC to liquid nitrogen temperature and thus reduce the dark count rate. Our system achieved dark count rates of <0.2 cps. Here we present the afterpulse probability, counting capability, timing jitter, and photon-number resolution of our system at 78.5 K and 295 K.

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