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Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2009 Nov;12(6):628-33. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e328331c707.

Vitamin D and its role in skeletal muscle.

Author information

1
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA. lisa.ceglia@tufts.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Vitamin D is best known for its role in regulating calcium homeostasis and in strengthening bone. However, it has become increasingly clear that it also has important beneficial effects beyond the skeleton, including muscle. This review summarizes current knowledge about the role of vitamin D in skeletal muscle tissue and physical performance.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Molecular mechanisms of vitamin D action in muscle tissue include genomic and nongenomic effects via a receptor present in muscle cells. Knockout mouse models of the vitamin D receptor provide insight into understanding the direct effects of vitamin D on muscle tissue. Vitamin D status is positively associated with physical performance and inversely associated with risk of falling. Vitamin D supplementation has been shown to improve tests of muscle performance, reduce falls, and possibly impact on muscle fiber composition and morphology in vitamin D deficient older adults.

SUMMARY:

Further studies are needed to fully characterize the underlying mechanisms of vitamin D action in human muscle tissue, to understand how these actions translate into changes in muscle cell morphology and improvements in physical performance, and to define the 25-hydroxyvitamin D level at which to achieve these beneficial effects in muscle.

PMID:
19770647
PMCID:
PMC2901845
DOI:
10.1097/MCO.0b013e328331c707
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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