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J Clin Oncol. 2009 Oct 20;27(30):5023-30. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.17.7980. Epub 2009 Sep 21.

Multicenter randomized phase II study of weekly or twice-weekly bortezomib plus rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory follicular or marginal-zone B-cell lymphoma.

Author information

1
Division of Hematology/Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. devos@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine overall response rate (ORR), time to progression (TTP), and duration of response (DOR) with twice-weekly/weekly bortezomib plus rituximab, and evaluate safety/tolerability, in patients with relapsed or refractory CD20(+) follicular lymphoma (FL) or marginal-zone lymphoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients were randomly assigned (minimization method) to bortezomib 1.3 mg/m(2) twice weekly (days 1, 4, 8, and 11; 21-day cycle, five cycles; arm A) or bortezomib 1.6 mg/m(2) weekly (days 1, 8, 15, and 22; 35-day cycle, three cycles; arm B) plus rituximab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 4 weeks (both arms). Response/progression was determined by International Workshop Response Criteria using oncologist/radiologist-adjudicated data from independent radiology review and investigator assessment.

RESULTS:

Eighty-one patients (arm A, n = 41; arm B, n = 40) were enrolled. Dose-intensity was higher in arm A; mean total bortezomib received was similar between arms (18.5 and 17.1 mg/m(2)). In arm A, ORR was 49% (14% complete response [CR]/CR unconfirmed [CRu]), median TTP was 7.0 months, and median DOR was not reached. In arm B, ORR was 43% (10% CR/CRu), and median TTP/DOR were 10.0/9.3 months. The weekly combination regimen seemed better tolerated. Grade 3 or worse adverse events seemed more common in arm A (54%) versus arm B (35%), including thrombocytopenia (10% v 0%) and peripheral neuropathy (10% v 5%), but diarrhea seemed less frequent (7% v 15%). No grade 4 toxicities were reported in arm B.

CONCLUSION:

Both bortezomib plus rituximab regimens seem feasible in relapsed or refractory indolent lymphomas. The more convenient weekly combination regimen is being compared with single-agent rituximab in an ongoing phase III study in relapsed FL.

PMID:
19770386
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2008.17.7980
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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