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J Med Chem. 1990 Oct;33(10):2899-905.

2-Phenyl-2-(1-hydroxycycloalkyl)ethylamine derivatives: synthesis and antidepressant activity.

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Wyeth-Ayerst Research, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-8000.


A series of 2-phenyl-2-(1-hydroxycycloalkyl)ethylamine derivatives was examined for the ability to inhibit both rat brain imipramine receptor binding and the synaptosomal uptake of norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT). Neurotransmitter uptake inhibition was highest for a subset of 2-phenyl-2-(1-hydroxycyclohexyl)dimethylethylamines in which the aryl ring has a halogen or methoxy substituent at the 3- and/or 4-positions. Potential antidepressant activity in this subset was assayed in three rodent models--the antagonism of reserpine-induced hypothermia, the antagonism of histamine-induced ACTH release, and the ability to reduce noradrenergic responsiveness in the rat pineal gland. An acute effect seen in the rat pineal gland with several analogues, including 1-[1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]cyclohexanol (23) and 1-[2-(dimethylamino)-1)-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]cyclohexanol (4), was taken as a possible correlate of a rapid onset of antidepressant activity. Compound 4 (venlafaxine) is presently undergoing clinical evaluation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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