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Genome. 2009 Jul;52(7):620-33. doi: 10.1139/G09-035.

Comparative analysis of the Brassica oleracea genetic map and the Arabidopsis thaliana genome.

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Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Strzeszynska 34, 60-479 Poznan, Poland.


We further investigated genome macrosynteny for Brassica species and Arabidopsis thaliana. This work aimed at comparative map construction for B. oleracea and A. thaliana chromosomes based on 160 known A. thaliana probes: 147 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and 13 full-length cDNA clones. Based on an in silico study of the A. thaliana genome, most of the selected ESTs (83%) represented unique or low-copy genes. We identified conserved segments by the visual inspection of comparative data with a priori assumptions, and established their significance with the LineUp algorithm. Evaluation of the number of B. oleracea gene copies per A. thaliana EST revealed a fixed upward trend. We established a segregation distortion pattern for all genetic loci, with particular consideration of the type of selection (gametic or zygotic), and discuss its possible impact on genetic map construction. Consistent with previous reports, we found evidence for numerous chromosome rearrangements and the genome fragment replication of B. oleracea that have taken place since the divergence of the two species. Also, we found that over 54% of the B. oleracea genome is covered by 24 segments conserved with the A. thaliana genome. The average conserved segment is composed of 5 loci covering 19.3 cM in the B. oleracea genetic map and 2.42 Mb in the A. thaliana physical map. We have also attempted to use a unified system of conserved blocks (previously described) to verify our results and perform a comprehensive comparison with other Brassica species.

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