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J Bacteriol. 2009 Nov;191(22):6877-87. doi: 10.1128/JB.00918-09. Epub 2009 Sep 18.

Plasmid r1 conjugative DNA processing is regulated at the coupling protein interface.

Author information

1
University of Graz, Institute of Molecular Biosciences, Humboldtstrasse 50, A-8010 Graz, Austria.

Abstract

Selective substrate uptake controls initiation of macromolecular secretion by type IV secretion systems in gram-negative bacteria. Type IV coupling proteins (T4CPs) are essential, but the molecular mechanisms governing substrate entry to the translocation pathway remain obscure. We report a biochemical approach to reconstitute a regulatory interface between the plasmid R1 T4CP and the nucleoprotein relaxosome dedicated to the initiation stage of plasmid DNA processing and substrate presentation. The predicted cytosolic domain of T4CP TraD was purified in a predominantly monomeric form, and potential regulatory effects of this protein on catalytic activities exhibited by the relaxosome during transfer initiation were analyzed in vitro. TraDDeltaN130 stimulated the TraI DNA transesterase activity apparently via interactions on both the protein and the DNA levels. TraM, a protein interaction partner of TraD, also increased DNA transesterase activity in vitro. The mechanism may involve altered DNA conformation as TraM induced underwinding of oriT plasmid DNA in vivo (DeltaL(k) = -4). Permanganate mapping of the positions of duplex melting due to relaxosome assembly with TraDDeltaN130 on supercoiled DNA in vitro confirmed localized unwinding at nic but ruled out formation of an open complex compatible with initiation of the TraI helicase activity. These data link relaxosome regulation to the T4CP and support the model that a committed step in the initiation of DNA export requires activation of TraI helicase loading or catalysis.

PMID:
19767437
PMCID:
PMC2772491
DOI:
10.1128/JB.00918-09
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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