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Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1977 Oct;145(4):504-8.

Hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula in primary carcinoma of the liver.


The correlation between the portal circulation and esophageal varices was evaluated in 80 patients with a primary carcinoma of the liver, with special regard being given to the significance of an hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula. Hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula was found in eight patients. Esophageal varices were observed 32 of all patients with a hepatoma. On the other hand, variceal lesions were found in 17 of 52 patients without compared with all patients with an hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula. A fatal hemorrhage was frequently encountered in the patients with the fistula. It was suggested that a rational treatment for those with the triple lesions--hepatoma, esophageal varices and hepatoportal arteriovenous fistula--may be ligation of the hepatic artery.

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