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Methods Mol Biol. 2009;579:189-200. doi: 10.1007/978-1-60761-322-0_9.

Brain phosphoinositide extraction, fractionation, and analysis by MALDI-TOF MS.

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Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.


Matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) can provide rapid, sensitive determinations of lipids from small tissue samples in both single determinations and automated high-throughput assays. MALDI-TOF MS is a sensitive, high-throughput technique for the determination of lipids such as the phosphoinositides, PtdIns (phosphatidylinositol), PIP (phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate, and PIP2 (phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate), but in crude extracts the signals are weak or not observed due in large part to ion suppression by phosphatidylcholine and other cationic lipids. A rapid separation step using a small column of a strong cation exchange (SCX) gel can be utilized easily and effectively to adsorb or capture cationic lipids from chloroform/methanol lipid extracts and provide substantially improved signals for the phosphoinositides. In this review, we describe the use of fractionation of a crude lipid extracts using cation exchange columns in conjunction with MALDI-TOF MS and appropriate internal standards to quantify the levels of phosphoinositides in small mammalian brain samples.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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