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Mol Biosyst. 2009 Dec;5(12):1943-7. doi: 10.1039/B904955j. Epub 2009 Sep 14.

A global view of Escherichia coli Rsd protein and its interactions.

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School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.


The Escherichia coli Rsd protein forms 1 : 1 complexes with sigma(70) protein, which is the major factor in determining promoter recognition by RNA polymerase. Here we describe measurements of the levels of Rsd, RNA polymerase, sigma(70) and the alternative sigma(38) factor. Rsd levels are sufficient to sequester a significant proportion of sigma(70) and immunoaffinity pull-down experiments show that this occurs in stationary phase but not in exponentially growing cells. Rsd expression is controlled by two promoters, P1 and P2. Experiments with lac fusions show that the P2 promoter is stronger than P1, that P2 is active in all phases of growth, and that this accounts for the high levels of Rsd.

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