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Am J Public Health. 2010 Apr 1;100 Suppl 1:S216-23. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.147462. Epub 2009 Sep 17.

Social-environmental factors and protective sexual behavior among sex workers: the Encontros intervention in Brazil.

Author information

1
Population Council's Brazil Office, Campinas. salippman@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to determine the association of social-environmental factors with condom use and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among 420 sex workers participating in an STI/HIV prevention study in Corumbá, Brazil, to inform future intervention efforts.

METHODS:

Participants provided urine samples for polymerase chain reaction testing of chlamydia and gonorrhea and responded to multi-item scales addressing perceived social cohesion, participation in networks, and access to and management of resources. We conducted multivariate log-linear and negative binomial regression analyses of these data.

RESULTS:

Increased social cohesion was inversely associated with number of unprotected sex acts in the preceding week among women (adjusted incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.80; P < .01), and there was a marginal association among men (adjusted IRR = 0.41; P = .08). Women's increased participation in social networks was associated with a decrease in frequency of unprotected sex acts (adjusted IRR = 0.83; P = .04), as was men's access to and management of social and material resources (IRR = 0.15; P = .01). Social-environmental factors were not associated with STIs.

CONCLUSIONS:

The social context within which populations negotiate sexual behaviors is associated with condom use. Future efforts to prevent STI/HIV should incorporate strategies to modify the social environment.

PMID:
19762673
PMCID:
PMC2837432
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2008.147462
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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