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Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2009 Dec 31;169(3):227-33. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2009.09.004. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

Intratracheal instillation of bone marrow-derived cell in an experimental model of silicosis.

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Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Brazil.


The time course of lung mechanics, histology, and inflammatory and fibrogenic mediators are analysed after intratracheal instillation (IT) of bone marrow-derived cells (BMDC) in a model of silicosis. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into SIL (silica, 20mg IT) and control (CTRL) groups (saline IT). At day 15, mice received saline or BMDC (2 x 10(6)cells) IT. The biodistribution of technetium-99m BMDC was higher in lungs compared with other organs. At days 30 and 60, lung mechanics, the area of granulomatous nodules, and mRNA expression of IL-1beta and TGF-beta were higher in SIL than CTRL animals. BMDC minimized changes in lung mechanics, the area of granulomatous nodules, and total cell infiltration at day 30, but these effects were no longer observed at day 60. Conversely, BMDC avoided the expression of IL-1beta at days 30 and 60 and TGF-beta only at day 30. In conclusion, BMDC therapy improved lung mechanics and histology, but this beneficial effect was not maintained in the course of injury.

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