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Kidney Int. 2009 Dec;76(12):1248-57. doi: 10.1038/ki.2009.346. Epub 2009 Sep 16.

Combination therapy with paricalcitol and trandolapril reduces renal fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy.

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Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA.


Growing evidence suggests that active vitamin D slows the progression of chronic kidney diseases. Here we compared the individual renal protective efficacy of paricalcitol and trandolapril (an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) in obstructive nephropathy, and examined any potential additive effects of their combination on attenuating renal fibrosis and inflammation. Mice underwent unilateral ureteral obstruction and were treated individually with paricalcitol or trandolapril or their combination. Compared to vehicle-treated controls, monotherapy with paricalcitol or trandolapril inhibited the expression and accumulation of fibronectin and type I and type III collagen, suppressed alpha-smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and Snail1 expression, and reduced total collagen content in the obstructed kidney. Combination therapy led to a more profound inhibition of all parameters. Monotherapy also suppressed renal RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha expression and inhibited renal infiltration of T cells and macrophages, whereas the combination had additive effects. Renin expression was induced in the fibrotic kidney and was augmented by trandolapril. Paricalcitol blocked renin induction in the absence or presence of trandolapril. Our study indicates that paricalcitol has renal protective effects, comparable to that of trandolapril, in reducing interstitial fibrosis and inflammation. Combination therapy had additive efficacy in retarding renal scar formation during obstructive nephropathy.

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