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Clin Genet. 2009 Nov;76(5):431-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2009.01278.x. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

Novel and recurrent mutations in the AIRE gene of autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome type 1 (APS1) patients.

Author information

1
Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. MFHaque@Kfshrc.edu.sa

Abstract

Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome type 1 (APS1) is characterized by the presence of at least two out of three clinical features, which include Addison's disease, hypoparathyroidism, and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. This disorder is caused by mutations in the AIRE (autoimmune regulator) gene. While several AIRE mutations have been described in APS1 patients of various ethnic origins, the genetic cause of APS1 in Arab patients requires further investigation. This study describes seven Arab families, in which 18 patients had APS1. In addition to the cardinal features of APS1, some patients exhibited alopecia, diabetes mellitus, nephrocalcinosis and other phenotypes associated with APS1. DNA sequencing of the AIRE gene of patients from this study identified four novel and one recurrent mutation. These mutations likely result in loss of AIRE function in the patients. In addition, it was noted that the non-pathogenic c.834C> G mutation (rs1800520, encoding for p.Ser278Arg) occurs with high incidence in the AIRE gene of Arab individuals. Furthermore, this investigation demonstrates inflammation of the hair follicles in APS1 patients with alopecia universalis. We conclude that Arab APS1 patients carry novel and recurrent mutations in the AIRE gene.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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