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Circ J. 2009 Nov;73(11):2154-62. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

Soluble elastin decreases in the progress of atheroma formation in human aorta.

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1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The serum levels of soluble elastin increase in patients with aortic dissection, but its distribution and characteristics are unclear.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The 173 aortic specimens were categorized into 4 groups under microscopy (non-atherosclerotic aorta, n=13; fiber-rich plaque, n=77; lipid-rich plaque, n=66; ruptured plaque, n=17). Soluble elastin was abundant within the intima of both the non-atherosclerotic aorta and fiber-rich plaque, rather than in the media, and was decreased within the intima of lipid-rich and ruptured plaques. Soluble elastin levels decreased with progress of atherosclerosis (6.0 +/-0.3 microg/mg protein in non-atherosclerotic aorta; 5.8 +/-0.2 microg/mg protein in fiber-rich plaque; 4.9 +/-0.2 microg/mg protein in lipid-rich plaque; 2.8 +/-0.4 microg/mg protein in ruptured plaque, P<0.05). As well, both matrix metalloprotease-9 activity and elastin mRNA expression showed inverse distribution against soluble elastin (r=0.437, P<0.0001; r=0.186, P<0.05, respectively). Multivariable analysis revealed a decrease in the level of soluble elastin in ruptured plaque (2.8 +/-0.4 microg/mg protein in ruptured plaque, n=18; 5.5 +/-0.2 microg/mg protein in non-ruptured plaque, n=155, P<0.01). Furthermore, western blot showed soluble elastin consists of heterogeneous molecular pattern proteins.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both the synthesis and degradation of elastin may be enhanced in active atherosclerotic lesions.

PMID:
19755752
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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