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Immunopharmacology. 1990 May-Jun;19(3):151-61.

Forskolin and prostaglandin E2 regulate the generation of human cytolytic T lymphocytes.

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1
Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, CA 94305.

Abstract

In this paper we examine the characteristics of human cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) generated in the presence of forskolin and PGE2. Forskolin and PGE2 suppressed the generation of class-I-specific CTL. The CTL generated in the presence of forskolin and PGE2 had different characteristics which included their ability to proliferate in response to the alloantigen and their lectin-mediated cytolytic activity. The CTL generated in the presence of forskolin had normal proliferative response to the alloantigen, whereas the CTL generated in the presence of PGE2 showed a suppressed proliferative ability to the alloantigen. The two groups of CTL were then tested for their activity in the process of lectin-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. After the addition of PHA into the chromium release assay the CTL generated in the presence of forskolin normally lysed the nonspecific targets, whereas the CTL generated in the presence of PGE2 did not show the normal response in lysing the nonspecific targets. The results suggest that the cytolytic machinery was intact when the CTL were generated in the presence of forskolin but CTL were not able to either recognize or lyse the target cell. However, the CTL generated in the presence of PGE2 did not share the same characteristics as the CTL generated in the presence of forskolin because the CTL generated in the presence of PGE2 were unable to kill even in the presence of lectin. It appears that the inhibitory effects of forskolin were mediated by cAMP and not by its effects on the potassium channels because the 1,9-dideoxy derivative of forskolin which did not activate adenylate cyclase also did not suppress the generation of CTL. However, it was not established whether the diverse effects of PGE2 on the generation of CTL were mediated by cAMP-dependent, -independent or by both mechanisms.

PMID:
1975571
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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