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J Cell Sci. 2009 Oct 15;122(Pt 20):3684-93. doi: 10.1242/jcs.045674. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

Galectin-3 promotes lamellipodia formation in epithelial cells by interacting with complex N-glycans on alpha3beta1 integrin.

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1
Department of Ophthalmologyand The New England Eye Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, Boston, MA 02111, USA.

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that galectin-3 (Gal-3; also known as LGALS3), a beta-galactoside-binding lectin, promotes cell migration during re-epithelialization of corneal wounds. The goal of this study was to characterize the molecular mechanism by which Gal-3 stimulates cell migration. We demonstrate here that exogenous Gal-3, but not Gal-1 or Gal-8, promotes cell scattering and formation of lamellipodia in human corneal epithelial cells in a beta-lactose-inhibitable manner. alpha3beta1 integrin was identified as the major Gal-3-binding protein in corneal epithelial cells by affinity chromatography of cell lysates on a Gal-3-Sepharose column. Preincubation of cells with anti-alpha3 integrin function-blocking antibody significantly inhibited the induction of lamellipodia by Gal-3. Furthermore, exogenous Gal-3 activated both focal adhesion kinase, a key regulator of integrin-dependent intracellular signaling, and Rac1 GTPase, a member of the family of Rho GTPases, well known for its role in the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and formation of lamellipodial extensions. Experiments involving knockdown of beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminytransferase V, an enzyme that synthesizes high-affinity glycan ligands for Gal-3, revealed that carbohydrate-mediated interaction between Gal-3 and complex N-glycans on alpha3beta1 integrin plays a key role in Gal-3-induced lamellipodia formation. We propose that Gal-3 promotes epithelial cell migration by cross-linking MGAT5-modified complex N-glycans on alpha3beta1 integrin and subsequently activating alpha3beta1-integrin-Rac1 signaling to promote lamellipodia formation.

PMID:
19755493
PMCID:
PMC2758802
DOI:
10.1242/jcs.045674
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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