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J Med Chem. 2009 Dec 10;52(23):7808-16. doi: 10.1021/jm9007533.

Identification of N-(5-tert-butyl-isoxazol-3-yl)-N'-{4-[7-(2-morpholin-4-yl-ethoxy)imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]benzothiazol-2-yl]phenyl}urea dihydrochloride (AC220), a uniquely potent, selective, and efficacious FMS-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3) inhibitor.

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1
Ambit Biosciences, 4215 Sorrento Valley Boulevard, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Abstract

Treatment of AML patients with small molecule inhibitors of FLT3 kinase has been explored as a viable therapy. However, these agents are found to be less than optimal for the treatment of AML because of lack of sufficient potency or suboptimal oral pharmacokinetics (PK) or lack of adequate tolerability at efficacious doses. We have developed a series of extremely potent and highly selective FLT3 inhibitors with good oral PK properties. The first series of compounds represented by 1 (AB530) was found to be a potent and selective FLT3 kinase inhibitor with good PK properties. The aqueous solubility and oral PK properties at higher doses in rodents were found to be less than optimal for clinical development. A novel series of compounds were designed lacking the carboxamide group of 1 with an added water solubilizing group. Compound 7 (AC220) was identified from this series to be the most potent and selective FLT3 inhibitor with good pharmaceutical properties, excellent PK profile, and superior efficacy and tolerability in tumor xenograft models. Compound 7 has demonstrated a desirable safety and PK profile in humans and is currently in phase II clinical trials.

PMID:
19754199
DOI:
10.1021/jm9007533
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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