Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Acta Biochim Pol. 2009;56(3):411-4. Epub 2009 Sep 14.

TGF-beta(1), IL-10 and IL-4 in colostrum of allergic and nonallergic mothers.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Medical University of Gdansk, Nowe Ogrody 1-6, Gdańsk, Poland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine transforming growth factor (TGF) beta(1), interleukin (IL) 4, and IL-10 concentrations in human milk and to assess the relationship between allergic disorders in mothers and the content of the interleukins in their milk.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Thirty allergic and 46 healthy mothers were included in the study. Colostrum was collected 2-3 days after delivery. Cytokine concentrations were determined with commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent systems.

RESULTS:

TGF-beta(1)was found in milk from 23 women in the control group (53.49%) and 11 in the allergy group (37.93%). When TGF-beta(1) was present, the median concentration was higher in the allergy group than in the control (61.5 and 30.4 pg/mL, respectively; P < 0.004). IL-10 was present in the colostrum of all the women and the median IL-10 concentration did not differ between the allergy (50.5 pg/mL) and control (51.5 pg/mL) groups. The probability of occurrence of a positive IL-4 value in the allergy group was greater than in the control group (chi-squared [df=1] = 2.60, P < 0.053). Median IL-4 level did not differ significantly between the two groups (0.5 and 0.5 pg/mL respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

TGF-beta(1) was detected less often in the colostrum of allergic mothers than in that of mothers without allergy (but the difference was not statistically significant). IL-4 was found more often in the colostrum of allergic mothers than nonallergic ones. The allergy status did not correlate with IL-10 concentration.

PMID:
19753334
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Acta Biochemica Polonica, Inc.
Loading ...
Support Center