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Circulation. 2009 Sep 15;120(11 Suppl):S292-8. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.843615.

Clinical outcomes of medical therapy and timely operation in initially diagnosed type a aortic intramural hematoma: a 20-year experience.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The management of aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) involving the ascending aorta (type A) has not been well-established. The purpose of this study was to clarify the long-term clinical outcomes of patients with type A IMH who were treated with medical therapy and timely operation.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Clinical data including operative mortality, IMH-related events, and long-term survival were retrospectively reviewed in 66 patients with type A IMH, who were admitted to our institution from 1986 to 2006. Emergent surgical repair was performed in 16 (24%) patients because of severe complications, whereas 50 patients were treated with initial medical therapy. In medically treated patients, 15 (30%) patients who demonstrated progression to classic dissection or increase in hematoma size within 30 days underwent surgical repair except for 2 patients who refused surgery. The 30-day mortality rate was 6% with emergent surgery and 4% with supportive medial therapy. There were 7 late deaths and the actuarial survival rates of all patients were 96+/-3%, 94+/-3%, and 89+/-5% at 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. In medically treated patients, maximum aortic diameter was the only predictor of early and late progression of ascending IMH (hazard ratio, 4.43; 95% CI, 2.04-9.64; P<0.001). Aortic diameter > or =50 mm predicted progression of ascending IMH with the positive and negative value of 83% and 84%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Combination of medical therapy and timely operation resulted in favorable long-term clinical outcomes in patients with type A IMH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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