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Neurobiol Aging. 2011 Aug;32(8):1372-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2009.08.006. Epub 2009 Sep 11.

Progression from MCI to AD: predictive value of CSF Aβ42 is modified by APOE genotype.

Author information

1
Alzheimer Center and Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands. m.kester@vumc.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study CSF biomarkers amyloid-beta 1-42 (Aβ42) and total tau (tau) in relation to APOE genotype in their ability to predict progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD).

METHODS:

In 100 MCI patients CSF Aβ42, tau and APOE genotype were determined. At follow-up of 18 (13-24) months 58 patients remained non-progressive and 42 progressed to AD.

RESULTS:

Cox proportional hazards models showed an interaction between Aβ42 and APOE genotype (p<0.05). Stratification for APOE revealed HR (95% CI) for abnormal Aβ42 of 8.2 (2.1-31.9) for ε4 non-carriers, 3.9 (0.8-18.5) for heterozygotes and 0.3 (0.0-1.7) for homozygotes. Inversely, stratification for Aβ42 revealed that in patients with normal levels of Aβ42, ε4 homozygotes had a strongly increased risk of progression to AD with HR (95% CI) 20.8 (2.4-182.8). Tau and APOE independently predicted progression to AD.

CONCLUSIONS:

Aβ42 was a stronger predictor of progression to AD in APOE ε4 non-carriers than in carriers. Furthermore, the risk of progression for ε4 homozygotes was very high, also in patients with normal levels of Aβ42.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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