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Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2010 Jan;20(1):72-7. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2009.06.002. Epub 2009 Sep 10.

A novel component of the metabolic syndrome: the oxidative stress.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular and Renal Diseases, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Abstract

The metabolic syndrome (MS) represents a cluster of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors associated to CV disease and type 2 diabetes. It is still under debate whether MS is a mere aggregation of risk factors or it represents a clinical entity with visceral obesity as underlying pathophysiological trigger. The publication of several diagnostic criteria of MS by scientific associations or experts panels reflects this uncertainty in understanding the real nature of MS. Besides the metabolic disturbances of MS, as visceral obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension and hyperglycemia, novel mechanisms of arterial damage have been identified. This paper reviews the evidence showing that MS and MS factors are characterized by increased oxidative stress, a relevant factor contributing to the development of metabolic and cardiovascular complications. In the next future, the measure of plasma oxidative stress may contribute to identify a subset of MS patients at increased CV risk, candidates to more intensive therapies.

PMID:
19747805
DOI:
10.1016/j.numecd.2009.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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