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J Cell Physiol. 2010 Jan;222(1):66-72. doi: 10.1002/jcp.21919.

The mammalian anti-proliferative BTG/Tob protein family.

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School of Pharmacy, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, United Kingdom.


The mammalian BTG/Tob family comprises six proteins (BTG1, BTG2/PC3/Tis21, BTG3/ANA, BTG4/PC3B, Tob1/Tob and Tob2), which regulate cell cycle progression in a variety of cell types. They are characterised by the conserved N-terminal domain spanning 104-106 amino acids. Recent biochemical and structural data indicate that the conserved BTG domain is a protein-protein interaction module, which is capable of binding to DNA-binding transcription factors as well as the paralogues CNOT7 (human Caf1/Caf1a) and CNOT8 (human Pop2/Calif/Caf1b), two deadenylase subunits of the Ccr4-Not complex. Consistent with this finding, several members of the BTG/Tob family are shown to be implicated in transcription in the nucleus and cytoplasmic mRNA deadenylation and turnover. The C-terminal regions are less conserved and appear to mediate protein-protein interactions that are unique to each family member. The human and mouse BTG/Tob proteins will be the focus of this review and structural aspects of BTG/Tob interactions with components of the Ccr4-Not complex, and the role of the BTG/Tob proteins in the regulation of gene expression, tumourigenesis and cancer will be discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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