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Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2009 Dec;16(6):712-21. doi: 10.1097/HJR.0b013e3283316ce8.

A randomized, controlled trial of simvastatin versus rosuvastatin in patients with acute myocardial infarction: the Secondary Prevention of Acute Coronary Events--Reduction of Cholesterol to Key European Targets Trial.

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Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular Research Centre (MCRC), Leeds Institute of Genetics, Health and Therapeutics (LIGHT), University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.



We sought to evaluate reports that rosuvastatin 10 mg is a more efficacious treatment of hyperlipidaemia than is simvastatin 40 mg, hoping to assess this issue in the previously unstudied context of acute myocardial infarction.


The Secondary Prevention of Acute Coronary Events - Reduction of Cholesterol to Key European Targets (SPACE ROCKET) Trial was an investigator-led, open-label, blinded-endpoint, multicentre, randomized, controlled trial assessing the proportion of patients, at 3 months, achieving European Society of Cardiology 2003 (ESC-03) lipid targets of total cholesterol (TC) less than 4.5 mmol/l (174 mg/dl) or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) less than 2.5 mmol/l (97 mg/dl). Of 1263 patients randomized, 77.6% simvastatin versus 79.9% rosuvastatin achieved ESC-03 targets [odds ratio (OR): 1.16; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.88-1.53; P = 0.29]. There were statistically significant differences for simvastatin versus rosuvastatin, respectively, for mean LDLc 2.03 mmol/l (78 mg/dl) versus 1.94 mmol/l (75 mg/dl; P = 0.009) and also mean TC 3.88 mmol/l (150 mg/dl) versus 3.75 mmol/l (145 mg/dl; P = 0.005). A post-hoc analysis showed higher achievement of the new ESC, American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology optimal lipid target of LDLc less than 1.81 mmol/l (70 mg/dl) with rosuvastatin (45.0%) compared with simvastatin (37.8%; OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.09-1.72; P = 0.007). The proportion of patients achieving the Fourth Joint Task Force European Guidelines (2007) of TC less than 4.0 mmol/l (155 mg/dl) and LDLc less than 2.0 mmol/l (77 mg/dl) was 38.7% for simvastatin 40 mg and 47.7% for rosuvastatin 10 mg (OR: 1.48; 95% CI: 1.18-1.86; P = 0.001).


We observed no superiority of either treatment for the ESC-03 lipid targets. Rosuvastatin 10 mg lowered mean cholesterol more effectively than simvastatin and achieved better results for the latest, more stringent, ESC target.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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